TiP aims to reveal the impact of plateau formation on climate and ecosystems on a time-scale of millions to several tens of millions of years. The plateau formation will be deduced from geodynamic processes and proxies of elevation history. TiP will use lacustrine and terrestrial archives to reconstruct the palaeo-environmental evolution and relate these results to the evolution of the plateau.

TiP aims to better understand the natural variability of monsoonal precipitation and melt water production. Therefore, TiP proposes to discern the influence of specific monsoonal air masses whose interaction causes a distinct spatial and temporal pattern of precipitation. The impact of precipitation and melt water production on sediment routing (sediment cascades) within lake catchments from different monsoonal regimes is proposed to serve for characterisation of the environmental responses to monsoon dynamics during the Late Cenozoic.

TiP aims to clarify the role of geological and anthropogenic factors for the development of the existing Earth system. TiP will investigate which unique regional climatic features exist at the formed plateau, and how they feed back to the global climate system. TiP aims to clarify if the plateau formation was driving the development of the major Tibetan ecosystems by selection of pre-existing species or displacement with invaders that were better adapted to the new environment. Finally TiP will investigate how the appearance of man and Global Change will affect the Tibetan ecosystem and how this might feed back to the global system.